Thursday, February 11, 2016

Double Black Hole Hails Discovery of Gravity Waves

Summary: It's the announcement of a discovery you didn't know you were waiting for. The detection of gravitational waves. It sounds weird, of course, but Einstein was onto something big when he was working on his theory of general relativity. Similar to a ball warping the surface of a rubber sheet, or a kayak being thrown into the water, large objects in outer space warp the fabric of the four dimensional spacetime that we live in.

When this happens, gravitational waves ripple through space and expand or contract the space around them. These waves have been undetectable until now. It is thanks to the LIGO interferometer that we can detect these faint waves in the universe. These waves are understandably hard to detect, the measurements are on a scale less than a width of an atom. They were able to detect this thanks to a double black hole.

Quite deservedly, the scientists involved are quite proud of their work. As this is both the first detection of gravity waves and the first direct detection of a black hole in addition to being confirmation of general relativity, they are confident that there is a Nobel Prize in their future and I am inclined to agree.

Either way, it is an exciting breakthrough in astronomy and one that I am excited to have as I enter the field.


APS Article
BBC News
Nature
SciShow

Monday, December 21, 2015

Landing a rocket

Summary: In case your Twitter feed was not just lighting up as much as mine was, Space X just made space history. In the upgrade to their Falcon 9 rocket, the booster did more than just separate, it landed itself back on earth, right where it was supposed to.

In a beautiful video, I just watched a great ball of fire slowly descend to the landing pad and then fade out to reveal a booster rocket standing as straight as you please. Absolutely incredible. The whole of mission control was throwing a party. 

The rest of the rocket went on to deploy six more satellites to complete the constellation arrangement. 

I'll update this post with a link to the video of the launch and further details as I get them.

SpaceX launch video (I suggest starting at about 21:00)
The above link will also give more mission details.

Background on the launch

Long exposure of the launch and landing of the rocket

    
The booster rocket safely on the landing pad

Monday, November 9, 2015

Strong Forces Between Antipotons

Summary: Woah, a story about antimatter on an antimatter blog! Finally.

Unlike a lot of other anitmatter and particle physics news, this does not come to us from CERN but rather from in Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven in New York. Here physicists were able to measure the interactions between antiprotons. It seems like it is also the strong force, an attractive force, that holds the antiprotons together just as it also holds the protons together. This is just one more way in which protons and antiprotons are essentially the same, the exception of their opposite charge. Because of the similarity scientists can rule this out as a possible explanation for the matter/antimatter asymmetry in the universe today.

BBC News
Nature

Wednesday, October 28, 2015

Tractor Beams made of Sound

Summary: It may not be quite the tractor beam that you expect from a scifi show like "Star Trek," but we are getting closer. The way these scientists have developed relies on the pressure of sound waves. Instead of trying to create a concentrated beam that holds a particle, they instead create a vacuum of space, bounded by high intensity waves all around it. Then  by adjusting the boundaries, they are able to move the trapped particle. Currently the capabilities of the design only apply up to pea-sized particles at less than 40cm away.

Despite the apparent 3D nature of the holding pattern, it only requires a loudspeaker on one side of the particle. For the researchers, this means that it could be applied in the medical field for drug delivery. For those of us thinking of the future, this means that tractor beams on spaceships may be possible in a distant future. (Which the scientists did prove would work on a scaled down model.)


BBC News
Nature

Tuesday, September 29, 2015

Waters of Mars

Summary: As you have no doubt heard, NASA announced yesterday that there is now concrete evidence of flowing water on the surface of Mars. Amazing isn't it? I'll put a link to the press release but first let me highlight a few items. 

1. This was first noticed by am undergraduate student who was studying photos of the surface of Mars. They noticed that there were dark patterns on the surface, resembling river beds, that would appear in June and grow before shrinking again to nothing in September. They would then appear at the same time next year although never in the exact same spot. 

2. Not only was this proof of flowing liquid, but scientists were able to detect hydrated salt crystals. Proof that this liquid is definitely water. 

3. And because it is such a regular pattern, it is safe to assume that it has been occurring for much longer than five years. 

All this gives me greater hope for future exploration of Mars. Maybe this will provide enough public support that the space programs of the world can start collaborations more effectively. 

Of course the Whovian in me is also screaming that we shouldn't trust the water, but that's for another episode to address. 

Tuesday, September 22, 2015

Symmetry of Nuclei

Summary: Finally, some news about antimatter! Scientists at the LHC who are working on ALICE, have been able to more precisely measure the nuclei of particles and their antiparticles. Happily they discovered that there is fundamental symmetry with their charge, parity, and time.

The ALICE experiment smashes particles together that create nuclei and antinuclei at the same rate which allow the scientists to study them easier.


Quarks to Quasars
Nature

Wednesday, September 2, 2015

Another Nail in the Coffin for the Standard Model?

Summary: Data from the LHC's last run is still being analysed and with this comes possible new data to suggest faults in the standard model. Researchers at University of Maryland are studying leptons, subatomic particles that help to make up our universe. While studying the decay rate, they observed that not all particles decayed at the same rate as they should. Something was influencing the process.

What this mysterious force is, we do not know, but it is not predicted to exist in the standard model. This experiment is building on another experiment of their that also seemed to contradict the standard model. So it is not an instrumental error. Whatever it is, I am excited to find out.


RT
University of Maryland